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Screening and bioguided fractionation of Amaryllidaceae species with anti-Trichomonas vaginalis activity.

Planta medica (2011-02-11)
Patrícia de Brum Vieira, Raquel Brandt Giordani, Geraldo Attilio De Carli, José Angelo Silveira Zuanazzi, Tiana Tasca
ABSTRACT

The Amaryllidaceae family is known by its ornamental and medicinal value and has attracted considerable attention due to the content of alkaloids of its species, which showed interesting biological properties. The present study evaluated the anti-Trichomonas vaginalis activity of eighteen extracts (12.5 to 0.19 mg/mL) and six isolated alkaloids (125 to 1.9 µg/mL) from Amaryllidaceae species. The alkaloids diminished the trophozoites viability (from 15 to 40 %). The extracts from Hippeastrum breviflorum demonstrated the highest anti-T. vaginalis activity (viability was 60 % reduced), and a bioguided study was conducted. Six fractions with antiprotozoal activity had lycorine and lycosinine as major components suggesting a synergistic effect, taking into account the higher anti-T. vaginalis activity of extracts when compared to isolated alkaloids. Our results point out the antiprotozoal potential of the Amaryllidaceae species against T. vaginalis. This parasite causes trichomonosis, the most prevalent nonviral sexually transmitted diseases (STD) worldwide and a public health problem that requires new therapeutic alternatives as well bioactive natural products.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Lycorine hydrochloride, ≥98% (TLC), powder