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Development of a liquid-chromatography tandem mass spectrometry and ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography high-resolution mass spectrometry method for the quantitative determination of zearalenone and its major metabolites in chicken and pig plasma.

Analytica chimica acta (2012-11-28)
S De Baere, A Osselaere, M Devreese, L Vanhaecke, P De Backer, S Croubels
ABSTRACT

A sensitive and specific method for the quantitative determination of zearalenone (ZEN) and its major metabolites (α-zearalenol (α-ZEL), β-zearalenol (β-ZEL), α-zearalanol (α-ZAL), β-zearalanol (β-ZAL) and zearalanone (ZAN)) in animal plasma using liquid chromatography combined with heated electrospray ionization (h-ESI) tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and high-resolution Orbitrap(®) mass spectrometry ((U)HPLC-HR-MS) is presented. The sample preparation was straightforward, and consisted of a deproteinization step using acetonitrile. Chromatography was performed on a Hypersil Gold column (50 mm × 2.1 mm i.d., dp: 1.9 μm, run-time: 10 min) using 0.01% acetic acid in water (A) and acetonitrile (B) as mobile phases. Both mass spectrometers were operated in the negative h-ESI mode. The method was in-house validated for all analytes: matrix-matched calibration graphs were prepared and good linearity (r≥0.99) was achieved over the concentration range tested (0.2-200 ng mL(-1)). Limits of quantification (LOQ) in plasma were between 0.2 and 5 ng mL(-1) for all compounds. Limits of detection in plasma ranged from 0.004 to 0.070 ng mL(-1). The results for the within-day and between-day precision, expressed as relative standard deviation (RSD), fell within the maximal RSD values (within-day precision: RSD(max)=2((1-0.5logConc)) x 2/3; between-day precision: RSD(max)=2((1-0.5logConc))). The accuracy fell within -50% to +20% (concentrations <1 ng mL(-1)), -30% to +10% (concentrations between 1 and 10 ng mL(-1)) or -20% to +10% (concentrations >10 ng mL(-1)) of the theoretical concentration. The method has been successfully used for the quantitative determination of ZEN in plasma samples from broiler chickens and pigs. α-ZEL and β-ZEL were the only metabolites that could be detected, but the concentrations were around the LOQ levels. The intact ZEN-glucuronide conjugate could be detected using the (U)HPLC-HR-MS instrument. A good correlation (r(2)=0.9979) was observed between the results for ZEN obtained with the LC-MS/MS and (U)HPLC-HR-MS instruments. The results prove the usefulness of the developed method for application in the field of toxicokinetic analysis and for exposure assessment of mycotoxins.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Zearalenone solution, 100 μg/mL in acetonitrile, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Zearalenone, fungal mycotoxin
Supelco
Zearalenone, reference material