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Properties and molecular determinants of the natural flavone acacetin for blocking hKv4.3 channels.

PloS one (2013-03-26)
Hui-Jun Wu, Hai-Ying Sun, Wei Wu, Yan-Hui Zhang, Guo-Wei Qin, Gui-Rong Li
ABSTRACT

The natural flavone acacetin has been demonstrated to inhibit transient outward potassium current (Ito) in human atrial myocytes. However, the molecular determinants of acacetin for blocking Ito are unknown. The present study was designed to investigate the properties and molecular determinants of this compound for blocking hKv4.3 channels (coding Ito) stably expressed in HEK 293 cells using the approaches of whole-cell patch voltage-clamp technique and mutagenesis. It was found that acacetin inhibited hKv4.3 current by binding to both the closed and open channels, and decreased the recovery from inactivation. The blockade of hKv4.3 channels by acacetin was use- and frequency-dependent, and IC50s of acacetin for inhibiting hKv4.3 were 7.9, 6.1, 3.9, and 3.2 µM, respectively, at 0.2, 0.5, 1, and 3.3 Hz. The mutagenesis study revealed that the hKv4.3 mutants T366A and T367A in the P-loop helix, and V392A, I395A and V399A in the S6-segment had a reduced channel blocking efficacy of acacetin (IC50, 44.5 µM for T366A, 25.8 µM for T367A, 17.6 µM for V392A, 16.2 µM for I395A, and 19.1 µM for V399A). These results demonstrate the novel information that acacetin may inhibit the closed channels and block the open state of the channels by binding to their P-loop filter helix and S6 domain. The use- and rate-dependent blocking of hKv4.3 by acacetin is likely beneficial for managing atrial fibrillation.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Acacetin, ≥97.0% (HPLC)