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High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of histamine in biological samples: the cerebrospinal fluid challenge--a review.

Analytica chimica acta (2013-04-10)
Zhaopin Wang, Juanli Wu, Shihua Wu, Aimin Bao
ABSTRACT

Histamine, a neurotransmitter crucially involved in a number of basic physiological functions, undergoes changes in neuropsychiatric disorders. Detection of histamine in biological samples such as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is thus of clinical importance. The most commonly used method for measuring histamine levels is high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). However, factors such as very low levels of histamine, the even lower CSF-histamine and CSF-histamine metabolite levels, especially in certain neuropsychiatric diseases, rapid formation of histamine metabolites, and other confounding elements during sample collection, make analysis of CSF-histamine and CSF-histamine metabolites a challenging task. Nonetheless, this challenge can be met, not only with respect to HPLC separation column, derivative reagent, and detector, but also in terms of optimizing the CSF sample collection. This review aims to provide a general insight into the quantitative analyses of histamine in biological samples, with an emphasis on HPLC instruments, methods, and hyphenated techniques, with the aim of promoting the development of an optimal and practical protocol for the determination of CSF-histamine and/or CSF-histamine metabolites.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
1-Methylhistamine dihydrochloride, ≥98% (TLC), powder
Sigma-Aldrich
Histamine, ≥97.0%
Supelco
Histamine, analytical standard