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  • Distribution and development of proenkephalin-like immunoreactivity in the lumbar spinal cord of the chicken.

Distribution and development of proenkephalin-like immunoreactivity in the lumbar spinal cord of the chicken.

Brain research (1986-07-02)
J L Maderdrut, I Merchenthaler, D K Sundberg, N Okado, R W Oppenheim
ABSTRACT

Met5-enkephalin- (Met-ENK), Leu5-enkephalin-, Met5-enkephalin-Arg6-Phe7-, metorphamide- and BAM 22P-like peptides could be detected in the lumbar spinal cord of the chicken by immunocytochemistry and/or high performance liquid chromatography. However, a peptide identical to Met5-enkephalin-Arg6-Gly7-Leu8 could not be detected in the lumbar spinal cord of the chicken using an antiserum that was capable of detecting the octapeptide in mammalian tissues. Nerve fiber- and terminal-like processes containing proenkephalin-derived peptides were concentrated in the superficial laminae of the dorsal horn and along the midline rostral to the central canal. A lesser concentration of processes containing proenkephalin-derived peptides occurred in the medial and lateral motor columns of the ventral horn. The level of total radioimmunoassayable Met-ENK in the lumbar spinal cord of the chicken embryo increased more than 1000-fold between day 4.5 and day 18. A schedule of curare administration that had previously been shown to prevent naturally occurring somatic motoneuron death in the chicken lumbar spinal cord resulted in a two-fold increase in total radioimmunoassayable Met-ENK in the lumbar spinal cord.