1. The effects of some anticonvulsant drugs against seizures induced by a combined treatment with aminophylline and quinolone in genetically epilepsy-prone rat have been investigated. 2. Animals were intraperitoneally pretreated with carbamazepine, diazepam, phenobarbital, CPPene and dizocilpine or saline and 15 min later administered orally with 51.86 mumol/kg b. wt of either cinoxacin or ciprofloxacin. 60 min after quinolones, rats received intraperitoneally aminophylline (100, 120, 140, 160 or 180 mg/kg b. wt). 3. Ciprofloxacin showed to be more effective than cinoxacin in potentiating the aminophylline convulsant effects. 4. Neither carbamazepine nor diazepam and phenobarbital, at the lowest dose used, elicited any effect in reducing the aminophylline-induced seizures in both cinoxacin- and ciprofloxacin-treated animals. Whereas, diazepam and phenobarbital when administered i.p. at 2.5 and 60 mg/kg b. wt respectively demonstrated protective properties. 5. CPPene and dizocilpine, two excitatory amino acid antagonists, were both very effective in antagonizing the seizures produced by concomitant treatment with cinoxacin or ciprofloxacin plus aminophylline. 6. The present results suggest an involvement of the excitatory amino acid receptors in mediating the seizures induced by the combined treatment with quinolones and aminophylline.