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Dilantin and salicylate effects on hepatic thyroxine bio-availability and dialyzable thyroxine.

Hormone and metabolic research = Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones et metabolisme (1990-06-01)
O S Goussis, T J Theodoropoulos

Earlier studies have shown that drugs such as dilantin inhibit T4 binding by thyroid hormone binding globulin (TBG) and cause a displacement of T4 from TBG to prealbumin with no change in the albumin-bound T4 fraction. Since recent studies have shown albumin-bound T4 is freely transported into liver, the present studies are designed to investigate drug effects on T4 transport in liver. The effect of salicylate and diphenylhydantoin (Dilantin) on T4 in human serum were examined both in vitro by using equilibrium dialysis and in vivo in the rat liver by using a tissue sampling single injection technique. Serum was obtained from 6 healthy normal volunteers and was made either 0 or 0.5 mM Dilantin and either 0 or 10 mM sodium salicylate. The portal vein injection vehicle contained 125I-T4/3H-water (highly diffusible internal reference) mixed with either a) Ringer's (0.1 g/dl albumin), b) 5% T4 antiserum, or c) 80% human serum. The free dialyzable fraction in vitro was raised by 40 and 125% after the addition of Dilantin and salicylate respectively. However, the percent of total T4 that was transported into liver on one pass, 17 +/- 1%, was not different in the control, the salicylate treated, or the Dilantin-treated sera. Therefore, in contrast to the in vitro dialyzable measurement of free T4, which is elevated by toxic concentrations of Dilantin or salicylate, the bio-available fraction of T4 as determined by the single pass perfusion technique, is unchanged in rat liver in vivo. These drug-induced changes in free T4 in vitro and bio-available T4 in vivo are similar to the ones reported previously in non-thyroidal illness.

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