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Naphthoquinone-mediated inhibition of lysine acetyltransferase KAT3B/p300, basis for non-toxic inhibitor synthesis.

The Journal of biological chemistry (2014-01-29)
Mohankrishna Dalvoy Vasudevarao, Pushpak Mizar, Sujata Kumari, Somnath Mandal, Soumik Siddhanta, Mahadeva M M Swamy, Stephanie Kaypee, Ravindra C Kodihalli, Amrita Banerjee, Chandrabhas Naryana, Dipak Dasgupta, Tapas K Kundu
ABSTRACT

Hydroxynaphthoquinone-based inhibitors of the lysine acetyltransferase KAT3B (p300), such as plumbagin, are relatively toxic. Here, we report that free thiol reactivity and redox cycling properties greatly contribute to the toxicity of plumbagin. A reactive 3rd position in the naphthoquinone derivatives is essential for thiol reactivity and enhances redox cycling. Using this clue, we synthesized PTK1, harboring a methyl substitution at the 3rd position of plumbagin. This molecule loses its thiol reactivity completely and its redox cycling ability to a lesser extent. Mechanistically, non-competitive, reversible binding of the inhibitor to the lysine acetyltransferase (KAT) domain of p300 is largely responsible for the acetyltransferase inhibition. Remarkably, the modified inhibitor PTK1 was a nearly non-toxic inhibitor of p300. The present report elucidates the mechanism of acetyltransferase activity inhibition by 1,4-naphthoquinones, which involves redox cycling and nucleophilic adduct formation, and it suggests possible routes of synthesis of the non-toxic inhibitor.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
1,4-Naphthoquinone, 97%
Sigma-Aldrich
Plumbagin from Plumbago indica
Sigma-Aldrich
C646, ≥98% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Histone Acetyltransferase (HAT) Activity Assay Kit, 100 assays in 96 well plates