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Effect of high hydrostatic pressure on the dielectric relaxation in a non-crystallizable monohydroxy alcohol in its supercooled liquid and glassy states.

The Journal of chemical physics (2011-09-08)
S Pawlus, M Paluch, M Nagaraj, J K Vij

The complex relative permittivity of a non-crystallizable secondary alcohol, 5-methyl-2-hexanol, is measured over a wide range of temperatures and pressures up to 1750 MPa (17.5 kbar). The data at atmospheric pressure (P = 0.101 MPa) are analyzed in terms of three processes, and the results are in complete agreement with that of O. E. Kalinovskaya and J. K. Vij [J. Chem. Phys. 112, 3262 (2000)]. Process I is of the Debye type and process II is of the Davidson-Cole type, whereas process III is identified as the Johari-Goldstein relaxation process. For pressures of ∼500 MPa and higher, processes I and II are seen to merge into each other to form a single dominant process which unambiguously cannot be resolved into more than one process. The dielectric relaxation strength of process I decreases slightly initially with pressure and when the two processes have merged at elevated pressures, the total relaxation strength increases with increase in pressure. Process III is better resolvable at higher pressures especially above T(g) in the supercooled liquid state for the reason that the separation in the time scales between the dominant and the JG relaxation process increases at elevated pressures. Surprisingly we find a change in the slope in the plot of log τ(JG) vs. 1/T for P = 1750 MPa. The results for the relaxation time of alcohols are compared with the Kirkwood correlation factor, g, and it is found that higher is the g, lower is the relaxation time for process I, and it is more of the Debye type. On a reduction in g brought about by an increase in pressure at lower temperatures, the dominant process becomes non-Debye though extensive hydrogen bonding is still present. The dielectric strength of the merged processes increases with increase in pressure. The values of the steepness index, m = |d log τ/d(T(g)/T)|(T = Tg) for processes I and II are different for P = 0.1 MPa. However the value of m, for the composite process, which is a merger of processes I and II, for P = 1750 MPa is almost the same for process II at P = 0.1 MPa. From the results of the activation volume, activation enthalpy, and a comparison of the relaxation times with the g factor, we conclude that both processes I and II are significantly affected by hydrogen bonding and both contribute to the structural relaxation.

Product Number
Product Description

5-Methyl-2-hexanol, 98%

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