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Vasorelaxant effects of the extracts and some flavonoids from the buds of Coreopsis tinctoria.

Pharmaceutical biology (2013-06-15)
Yu-Hua Sun, Jun Zhao, Hong-Tao Jin, Yan Cao, Ting Ming, Lan-Lan Zhang, Meng-Ying Hu, Hasimu Hamlati, Shi-Bin Pang, Xue-Ping Ma
ABSTRACT

The buds of Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt (Compositae) are used in the treatment of hypertension in the Uyghur folk medicine in China. To investigate vasorelaxant properties of extracts and some flavonoids from C. tinctoria (CT) and their underlying mechanisms in isolated rat thoracic aortic rings. Vasorelaxant effects of ethanol extracts of CT (CTA) and its flavonoids as well as water-ethanol eluates from CTA by AB-8 resins (CTAA∼CTAF) were evaluated on rat aortic rings pre-contracted with phenylephrine (PE, 1 µM) or high KCl (60 µM). We evaluated the effect of CTA, CTAD and CTAE on PE-induced contraction in a Ca²⁺-free medium and a dose-effect curve of Ca²⁺ in pre-contracted ring with high KCl. Endothelial removal did not modify the effect of CTAD and CTAE (3.00 g/L) neither on PE-pre-contracted rings (164.78 ± 21.44 and 191.47 ± 16.75%) nor on KCl-pre-contracted rings (75.68 ± 10.76 and 125.14 ± 17.41%) compared with intact-endothelium rings pre-contracted with high KCl (100.49 ± 17.30 and 110.81 ± 16.33%). CTAD and CTAE (3.00 g/L) down-regulated the dose-effect curve of Ca²⁺ in pre-contraction with high KCl, and inhibited the pre-contraction with PE in a Ca²⁺-free medium (p < 0.05). Seven flavonoids were obtained from CTAD, of which luteolin (5) and quercetin (6) were found to be the most effective relaxation in rings precontracted with PE (EC₅₀: 0.006 and 0.039 g/L, p < 0.05) or high KCl (EC₅₀: 0.023 and 0.045 g/L, p < 0.05). These data demonstrated the vasorelaxant effect of CT, and its mechanism is likely due to an inhibitory effect on calcium movements through cell membranes.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Phenylephrine Hydrochloride, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material
Supelco
R-(-)-Phenylephrine hydrochloride solution, 1.0 mg/mL in methanol (as free base), ampule of 1 mL, certified reference material, Cerilliant®
Supelco
Luteolin, analytical standard
Luteolin, primary reference standard
Sigma-Aldrich
(R)-(−)-Phenylephrine hydrochloride, powder
Sigma-Aldrich
(R)-(−)-Phenylephrine hydrochloride, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Luteolin, ≥98% (TLC), powder
Phenylephrine hydrochloride for peak identification, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard