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Using single-turnover kinetics with osmotic stress to characterize the EcoRV cleavage reaction.

Biochemistry (2013-12-18)
Rocco Ferrandino, Nina Sidorova, Donald Rau
ABSTRACT

Type II restriction endonucleases require metal ions to specifically cleave DNA at canonical sites. Despite the wealth of structural and biochemical information, the number of Mg(2+) ions used for cleavage by EcoRV, in particular, at physiological divalent ion concentrations has not been established. In this work, we employ a single-turnover technique that uses osmotic stress to probe reaction kinetics between an initial specific EcoRV-DNA complex formed in the absence of Mg(2+) and the final cleavage step. With osmotic stress, complex dissociation before cleavage is minimized and the reaction rates are slowed to a convenient time scale of minutes to hours. We find that cleavage occurs by a two-step mechanism that can be characterized by two rate constants. The dependence of these rate constants on Mg(2+) concentration and osmotic pressure gives the number of Mg(2+) ions and water molecules coupled to each kinetic step of the EcoRV cleavage reaction. Each kinetic step is coupled to the binding 1.5-2.5 Mg(2+) ions, the uptake of ∼30 water molecules, and the cleavage of a DNA single strand. We suggest that each kinetic step reflects an independent, rate-limiting conformational change of each monomer of the dimeric enzyme that allows Mg(2+) ion binding. This modified single-turnover protocol has general applicability for metalloenzymes.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Nde I from Neisseria denitrificans, Restriction Enzyme