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Synthesis and structures of (R)-cyclopentadienyl-binaphthoxy titanium(IV) complexes and catalytic properties for olefin polymerization.

Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003) (2012-05-15)
Li Wang, Qiaolin Wu, Hao Xu, Ying Mu
ABSTRACT

Two new chiral pre-ligands, (R)-3,3'-bis(tetramethylcyclopentadienyl)-2,2'-bismethoxy-1,1'-bisnaphthalene (1) and (R)-3-tetramethylcyclopentadienyl-2,2'-bismethoxy-1,1'-bisnaphthalene (2), were synthesized by reaction of (R)-3,3'-dilithium-2,2'-bismethoxy-1,1'-bisnaphthalene with 2,3,4,5-tetramethyl-2-cyclopentenone at room temperature. Treatment of the pre-ligands 1 and 2 with butyllithium and Me(3)SiCl first, and subsequently with TiCl(4) (2 and 1 equiv for 1 and 2, respectively) afforded a binuclear complex (R)-3,3'-bis[(tetramethylcyclopentadienyl)trichlorotitanium]-2,2'-bismethoxy-1,1'-bisnaphthalene (3) and a mononuclear complex (R)-3-(tetramethylcyclopentadienyl)trichlorotitanium-2,2'-bismethoxy-1,1'-bisnaphthalene (4) in moderate yields. Complexes 3 and 4 were further converted into constrained geometry complexes (R)-1,1'-bis{2,2'-naphthoxy-3,3'-bis[(tetramethylcyclopentadienyl)dibromotitanium]} (5) and (R)-1-(2-naphthoxy)-1'-(2'-naphthol)-3-(tetramethylcyclopentadienyl)dibromotitanium (6) by treatment with BBr(3). The pre-ligands 1 and 2 were characterized by (1)H and (13)C NMR and high resolution mass spectroscopy (HRMS), and the new titanium complexes 3-6 were characterized by (1)H and (13)C NMR and elemental analyses. Molecular structures of 4, 5, and 6 were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Complexes 4, 5, and 6 all have a pseudo-octahedral coordination environment and adopt a three-legged piano stool geometry around the titanium atom in their solid state structures. When activated with Al(i)Bu(3) and Ph(3)CB(C(6)F(5))(4), the chiral complexes 5 and 6 show moderate catalytic activities for propylene, 1-hexene, and 5-ethylidene-2-norbornene (ENB) polymerization and ethylene/1-hexene copolymerization. The polymers produced by the chiral 5/(i)Bu(3)Al/Ph(3)CB(C(6)F(5))(4) catalyst system from the 1-hexene, and ENB polymerization and ethylene/1-hexene copolymerization with high comonomer contents exhibit optical activity.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
2,3,4,5-Tetramethyl-2-cyclopentenone, mixture of cis and trans, 95%

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