A novel immunosensor of human immune globulin (IgG) was fabricated based on the fluorescence transfer between luminescent semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). AuNPs and CdSe/ZnS QDs were respectively labeled with immune reaction pair:IgG and goat anti-human immunoglobulin (GIgG), by optimizing the conditions including pH value and protein amount. In the assembled QD-GIgG-IgG-AuNP fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) immunocomplex system, the presence of AuNP-IgG directly reduced the fluorescence intensity of the GIgG conjugated QDs. As a result, the concentration of AuNP-IgG had a linear relationship with the fluorescence decrease in a range of 0-1.57 microg/mL. Furthermore, the mechanism of the QDs' fluorescence decay has also been discussed and attributed to the light-induced photobleaching. This novel sensing method achieves quantitative detection of trace proteins, suggesting the potential of biomolecule-AuNPs conjugation based analytical methods in further application.
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