MilliporeSigma

Hypoxia-inducible factors link iron homeostasis and erythropoiesis.

Gastroenterology (2014-01-07)
Yatrik M Shah, Liwei Xie
ABSTRACT

Iron is required for efficient oxygen transport, and hypoxia signaling links erythropoiesis with iron homeostasis. Hypoxia induces a highly conserved signaling pathway in cells under conditions of low levels of O2. One component of this pathway, hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF), is a transcription factor that is highly active in hypoxic cells. The first HIF target gene characterized was EPO, which encodes erythropoietin-a glycoprotein hormone that controls erythropoiesis. In the past decade, there have been fundamental advances in our understanding of how hypoxia regulates iron levels to support erythropoiesis and maintain systemic iron homeostasis. We review the cell type-specific effects of hypoxia and HIFs in adaptive response to changes in oxygen and iron availability as well as potential uses of HIF modulators for patients with iron-related disorders.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Iron, ≥99%, reduced, powder (fine)
Sigma-Aldrich
Iron, foil, thickness 0.25 mm, ≥99.99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Iron, wire, diam. 1.0 mm, ≥99.9% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Iron, powder, <10 μm, ≥99.9% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Iron, granular, 10-40 mesh, >99.99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Iron, wire, diam. 1.0 mm, ≥99.99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Carbonyl iron, ≥97% Fe basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Iron, carbon coated magnetic, nanopowder, 25 nm avg. part. size, 99.5% trace metals basis
Iron, foil, 15mm disks, thickness 0.125mm, as rolled, 99.99+%
Iron, foil, 15mm disks, thickness 0.005mm, 99.85%
Iron, foil, 10mm disks, thickness 0.05mm, as rolled, 99.99+%
Iron, foil, 10mm disks, thickness 0.5mm, as rolled, 99.99+%
Iron, foil, 25mm disks, thickness 0.006mm, 99.85%
Iron, foil, 25mm disks, thickness 0.038mm, hard, 99.5%
Iron, foil, 15mm disks, thickness 0.025mm, hard, 99.5%
Iron, foil, 4mm disks, thickness 0.005mm, 99.85%
Iron, foil, 15mm disks, thickness 0.025mm, as rolled, 99.99+%
Iron, foil, 10mm disks, thickness 0.01mm, 99.85%
Iron, foil, 25mm disks, thickness 0.38mm, hard, 99.5%
Iron, foil, 25mm disks, thickness 0.9mm, as rolled, 99.5%
Iron, foil, 1m coil, thickness 0.038mm, hard, 99.5%
Iron, foil, 25mm disks, thickness 0.075mm, as rolled, 99.99+%
Iron, foil, 2m coil, thickness 0.25mm, hard, 99.5%
Iron, foil, 25mm disks, thickness 0.125mm, as rolled, 99.99+%
Iron, foil, 25mm disks, thickness 0.0125mm, 99.85%
Iron, foil, 1m coil, thickness 0.125mm, hard, 99.5%
Iron, foil, 4mm disks, thickness 0.006mm, 99.85%
Iron, foil, 25mm disks, thickness 0.5mm, hard, 99.5%
Iron, foil, 4mm disks, thickness 0.020mm, 99.85%
Iron, foil, 2m coil, thickness 0.20mm, hard, 99.5%