The 26S proteasome: subunits and functions.

Molecular biology reports (1997-03-01)
K Tanaka, C Tsurumi
ABSTRACT

The 26S proteasome is an eukaryotic ATP-dependent, dumbbell-shaped protease complex with a molecular mass of approximately 2000 kDa. It consists of a central 20S proteasome, functioning as a catalytic machine, and two large V-shaped terminal modules, having possible regulatory roles, composed of multiple subunits of 25-110 kDa attached to the central portion in opposite orientations. The primary structures of all the subunits of mammalian and yeast 20S proteasomes have been determined by recombinant DNA techniques, but structural analyses of the regulatory subunits of the 26S proteasome are still in progress. The regulatory subunits are classified into two subgroups, a subgroup of at least 6 ATPases that constitute a unique multi-gene family encoding homologous polypeptides conserved during evolution and a subgroup of approximately 15 non-ATPase subunits, most of which are structurally unrelated to each other.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-20S proteasome subunit β5 Antibody, serum, Upstate®
Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-PSMC4 antibody produced in rabbit, Ab1, Prestige Antibodies® Powered by Atlas Antibodies, affinity isolated antibody, buffered aqueous glycerol solution