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Effect of biosolids-derived triclosan and triclocarban on the colonization of plant roots by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.

The Science of the total environment (2014-12-17)
R S Prosser, L Lissemore, R S Shahmohamadloo, P K Sibley
ABSTRACT

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) form a symbiotic relationship with the majority of crop plants. AMF provide plants with nutrients (e.g., P), modulate the effect of metal and pathogen exposure, and increase tolerance to moisture stress. The benefits of AMF to plant growth make them important to the development of sustainable agriculture. The land application of biosolids is becoming an increasingly common practice in sustainable agriculture, as a source of nutrients. However, biosolids have been found to contain numerous pharmaceutical and personal care products including antimicrobial chemicals such as triclosan and triclocarban. The potential risks that these two compounds may pose to plant-AMF interactions are poorly understood. The current study investigated whether biosolids-derived triclosan and triclocarban affect the colonization of the roots of lettuce and corn plants by AMF. Plants were grown in soil amended with biosolids that contained increasing concentrations of triclosan (0 to 307 μg/g dw) or triclocarban (0 to 304 μg/g dw). A relationship between the concentration of triclosan or triclocarban and colonization of plants roots by AMF was not observed. The presence of biosolids did not have a significant (p>0.05) effect on percent colonization of corn roots but had a significant, positive effect (p<0.05) on lettuce roots. Biosolids-derived triclosan and triclocarban did not inhibit the colonization of crop plant roots by AMF.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Triclosan, 97.0-103.0% (active substance, GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
3,4,4′-Trichlorocarbanilide, 99%
Supelco
3,4,4` Trichlorocarbanilide (Triclocarban), Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material
Supelco
Triclosan, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material