Metabolic effects of acetaldehyde.

Biochemical Society transactions (1988-06-01)
C S Lieber
ABSTRACT

Acetaldehyde, the toxic product of ethanol metabolism in the liver, covalently binds to a variety of proteins, thereby altering liver function and structure. Through its binding to tubulin, acetaldehyde decreases the polymerization of microtubules thereby impairing protein secretion and favouring their retention, with associated swelling of hepatocytes. Acetaldehyde adduct formation also impairs some enzyme activities. Either directly or through binding with GSH, acetaldehyde favours lipid peroxidation. Various mitochondrial functions are altered, particularly after chronic ethanol consumption which sensitizes the mitochondria to the toxic effects of acetaldehyde. In cultured myofibroblasts, acetaldehyde stimulates collagen production. The acetaldehyde-protein adducts stimulate the production of antibodies directed against the acetaldehyde epitope. This immune response may contribute to the aggravation or perpetuation of alcohol-induced liver damage. Some acetaldehyde effects, however, could conceivably be considered as beneficial, such as the stimulation of vascular prostacyclin release which may take part in the 'protective' effect of moderate ethanol consumption against some cardiovascular complications.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Acetaldehyde, puriss. p.a., anhydrous, ≥99.5% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Acetaldehyde, ReagentPlus®, ≥99.0% (GC)

Social Media

LinkedIn icon
Twitter icon
Facebook Icon
Instagram Icon

MilliporeSigma

Research. Development. Production.

We are a leading supplier to the global Life Science industry with solutions and services for research, biotechnology development and production, and pharmaceutical drug therapy development and production.

© 2021 Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Reproduction of any materials from the site is strictly forbidden without permission.