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Theoretical analysis of concerted and stepwise mechanisms of Diels-Alder reactions of butadiene with silaethylene and disilene.

The journal of physical chemistry. A (2007-12-07)
Hiroaki Wakayama, Shogo Sakai
ABSTRACT

The concerted and the stepwise mechanisms of the Diels-Alder reactions of butadiene with silaethylene and disilene were studied by ab initio MO methods. For the reaction of butadiene and silaethylene, an asymmetric concerted process that is almost stepwise and two stepwise processes were located. For the first step of the stepwise process, the C-Si bond formation is more favorable than the C-C bond formation. The activation energy barrier of the concerted transition state is only 0.89 kcal/mol lower than that of the first-step transition state of the C-Si bond formation for the stepwise process by the CASPT2 calculation level. For the reaction of butadiene and disilene, the activation energy barrier of the concerted-type transition state constrained with Cs symmetry is about 9 kcal/mol higher than that of the stepwise transition state by the CASSCF method. The energy barrier of the first step of the stepwise reaction disappears at the CASPT2/6-311++G(d,p) calculation level including the nondynamical correlation energy, although the reaction of the butadiene with disilene occurs through the stepwise-like process.

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Sigma-Aldrich
Ethylene, 99.99%