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Mechanisms of toxicity induced by SiO2 nanoparticles of in vitro human alveolar barrier: effects on cytokine production, oxidative stress induction, surfactant proteins A mRNA expression and nanoparticles uptake.

Nanotoxicology (2012-07-10)
Lucian Romeo Farcal, Chiara Uboldi, Dora Mehn, Guido Giudetti, Paola Nativo, Jessica Ponti, Douglas Gilliland, François Rossi, Anna Bal-Price
ABSTRACT

An in vitro human alveolar barrier established by the coculture of epithelial human cell line NCI-H441 with endothelial human cell line ISO-HAS1 was used to evaluate the effects of amorphous silicon dioxide nanoparticles (SiNPs), in the presence or absence of THP-1 cells (monocytes). SiNPs exposure induced production of proinflammatory cytokine and oxidative stress. A high release of TNF-α and IL-8 by epithelial/endothelial cells, potentiated in the presence of THP-1 cells could contribute to the observed downregulation of surfactant proteins A mRNA expression resulting in the damage of the alveolar barrier. The obtained results suggested that in vitro approach can be used to study pulmonary toxicity as long as the applied in vitro model mimics closely the complexity of in vivo situation.

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LookOut® Mycoplasma PCR Detection Kit, Optimized for use with JumpStart Taq DNA Polymerase, D9307.