We describe the isolation and characterization of NSD3, the third member of a gene family including Nsd1 and NSD2. Murine Nsd1 was isolated in a search for proteins that interact with the ligand-binding domain of retinoic acid receptor alpha. NSD2 (also known as WHSC1 and MMSET) is located in the Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) critical region on 4p16.3 and is involved in multiple myeloma with t(4;14) translocations. The proteins Nsd1, NSD2, and NSD3 are highly similar within a block of about 700 amino acids. This block contains several conserved domains, such as the SET domain and the PHD finger, present in proteins involved in development and/or chromatin reorganization. The NSD3 gene consists of an 8.5-kb transcript composed of 23 coding exons and spans >90 kb of genomic DNA. NSD3 maps to chromosome band 8p12 and is amplified in several tumor cell lines and primary breast carcinomas.
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