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  • Activation of BNGR-A24 by direct interaction with tachykinin-related peptides from the silkworm Bombyx mori leads to the Gq- and Gs-coupled signaling cascades.

Activation of BNGR-A24 by direct interaction with tachykinin-related peptides from the silkworm Bombyx mori leads to the Gq- and Gs-coupled signaling cascades.

Biochemistry (2014-10-03)
Xiaobai He, Jiashu Zang, Xiangmei Li, Jiajie Shao, Huipeng Yang, Jingwen Yang, Haishan Huang, Linjie Chen, Liangen Shi, Chenggang Zhu, Guozheng Zhang, Naiming Zhou
ABSTRACT

Tachykinins constitute one of the largest peptide families in the animal kingdom and exert their diverse actions via G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). In this study, the Bombyx tachykinin-related peptides (TKRPs) were identified as specific endogenous ligands for the Bombyx neuropeptide GPCR A24 (BNGR-A24) and thus designated BNGR-A24 as BmTKRPR. Using both mammalian cell line HEK293 and insect cell line Sf21, further characterization demonstrated that BmTKRPR was activated, thus resulting in intracellular accumulation of cAMP, Ca(2+) mobilization, and ERK1/2 phosphorylation in a Gs and Gq inhibitor-sensitive manner. Moreover, quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction analysis and dsRNA-mediated knockdown experiments suggested a possible role for BmTKRPR in the regulation of feeding and growth. Our findings enhance the understanding of the Bombyx TKRP system in the regulation of fundamental physiological processes.

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