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Pyrochars from bioenergy residue as novel bio-adsorbents for lignocellulosic hydrolysate detoxification.

Bioresource technology (2015-04-13)
F Monlau, C Sambusiti, N Antoniou, A Zabaniotou, A Solhy, A Barakat
ABSTRACT

The robust supramolecular structure of biomass often requires severe pretreatments conditions to produce soluble sugars. Nonetheless, these processes generate some inhibitory compounds (i.e. furans compounds and aliphatic acids) deriving mainly from sugars degradation. To avoid the inhibition of the biological process and to obtain satisfactory sugars conversion level into biofuels, a detoxification step is required. This study investigates the use of two pyrochars derived from solid anaerobic digestates for the detoxification of lignocellulosic hydrolysates. At a pyrochar concentration of 40gL(-1), more than 94% of 5-HMF and 99% of furfural were removed in the synthetic medium after 24h of contact time, whereas sugars concentration remained unchanged. Furfural was adsorbed faster than 5-HMF by both pyrochars and totally removed after 3h of contact. Finally, the two pyrochars were found efficient in the detoxification of corn stalks and Douglas fir wood chips hydrolysates without affecting the soluble sugars concentrations.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Acetic acid, glacial, ReagentPlus®, ≥99%
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Acetic acid, glacial, ACS reagent, ≥99.7%
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Formic acid, reagent grade, ≥95%
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Acetic acid, glacial, puriss., meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, FCC, 99.8-100.5%
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Formic acid, ACS reagent, ≥96%
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Acetic acid, glacial, ≥99.99% trace metals basis
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D-(+)-Xylose, ≥99%
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USP
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Furfural, ≥98%, FCC, FG
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D-(+)-Xylose, ≥99%
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Furfural, natural, ≥98%, FCC, FG
Supelco
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5α-Androstan-17β-ol-3-one, VETRANAL®, analytical standard