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  • Generation and characterization of a transgenic pig carrying a DsRed-monomer reporter gene.

Generation and characterization of a transgenic pig carrying a DsRed-monomer reporter gene.

PloS one (2014-09-05)
Chih-Jen Chou, Shao-Yu Peng, Mei-Han Wu, Cho-Chen Yang, Yu-Sheng Lin, Winston Teng-Kui Cheng, Shinn-Chih Wu, Yao-Ping Lin
ABSTRACT

Pigs are an optimal animal for conducting biomedical research because of their anatomical and physiological resemblance to humans. In contrast to the abundant resources available in the study of mice, few fluorescent protein-harboring porcine models are available for preclinical studies. In this paper, we report the successful generation and characterization of a transgenic DsRed-Monomer porcine model. The transgene comprised a CMV enhancer/chicken-beta actin promoter and DsRed monomeric cDNA. Transgenic pigs were produced by using pronuclear microinjection. PCR and Southern blot analyses were applied for identification of the transgene. Histology, blood examinations and computed tomography were performed to study the health conditions. The pig amniotic fluid progenitor/stem cells were also isolated to examine the existence of red fluorescence and differentiation ability. Transgenic pigs were successfully generated and transmitted to offspring at a germ-line transmission rate of 43.59% (17/39). Ubiquitous expression of red fluorescence was detected in the brain, eye, tongue, heart, lung, liver, pancreas, spleen, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, kidney, testis, and muscle; this was confirmed by histology and western blot analyses. In addition, we confirmed the differentiation potential of amniotic fluid progenitor stem cells isolated from the transgenic pig. This red fluorescent pig can serve as a host for other fluorescent-labeled cells in order to study cell-microenvironment interactions, and can provide optimal red-fluorescent-labeled cells and tissues for research in developmental biology, regenerative medicine, and xenotransplantation.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Iopromide for system suitability 1, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Toluidine Blue, for microscopy (Hist., Vit.)
Iopromide, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard
Iopromide for system suitability 2, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard