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Exploring the Group B Streptococcus capsular polysaccharides: the structural diversity provides the basis for development of NMR-based identity assays.

Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis (2014-05-31)
Vittoria Pinto, Francesco Berti
ABSTRACT

Carbohydrate-based vaccines constitute a potent tool for prevention of life-threatening bacterial infectious diseases like meningitis and pneumonia. Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a major cause of neonatal sepsis and meningitis, particularly in infants born from mothers carrying the bacteria, and no vaccine is currently available. High-field Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy has been found to be an extremely robust tool for tracking the industrial process manufacturing of carbohydrate-based vaccines. Here we review the differences in the repeating unit structures of GBS capsular polysaccharide (CPS) type (Ia, Ib, II-VIII) yielding unique NMR proton profiles. All the profiles provided opportunities for selecting well resolved signals, in particular in the anomeric, the methylene protons at position C3 of N-acetyl-neuraminic acid (NeupNAc) and the N-Acetyl regions, which could be employed to develop an identity assay for monovalent vaccine bulks. Finally we reported a preliminary proof of concept of identity testing on a GBS CPS type Ia, Ib, III trivalent vaccine as blended bulks, based on the selection of one specific signal for each type in the anomeric region.

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