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  • Graft of the gelatin sponge scaffold containing genetically-modified neural stem cells promotes cell differentiation, axon regeneration, and functional recovery in rat with spinal cord transection.

Graft of the gelatin sponge scaffold containing genetically-modified neural stem cells promotes cell differentiation, axon regeneration, and functional recovery in rat with spinal cord transection.

Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A (2014-07-22)
Bao-Ling Du, Xiang Zeng, Yuan-Huan Ma, Bi-Qin Lai, Jun-Mei Wang, Eng-Ang Ling, Jin-Lang Wu, Yuan-Shan Zeng
ABSTRACT

Biological materials combined with genetically-modified neural stem cells (NSCs) are candidate therapy targeting spinal cord injury (SCI). Based on our previous studies, here we performed gelatin sponge (GS) scaffold seeded with neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) and its receptor TrkC gene modifying NSCs for repairing SCI. Eight weeks later, compared with other groups, neurofilament-200 and 5-hydroxytryptamine positive nerve fibers were more in the injury site of the N+T-NSCs group. Immunofluorescence staining showed the grafted NSCs could differentiate into microtubule associated protein (Map2), postsynaptic density (PSD95), and mouse oligodendrocyte special protein (MOSP) positive cells. The percentage of the Map2, PSD95, and MOSP positive cells in the N+T-NSCs group was higher than the other groups. Immuno-electron microscopy showed the grafted NSCs making contact with each other in the injury site. Behavioral analysis indicated the recovery of hindlimbs locomotion was better in the groups receiving cell transplant, the best recovery was found in the N+T-NSCs group. Electrophysiology revealed the amplitude of cortical motor evoked potentials was increased significantly in the N+T-NSCs group, but the latency remained long. These findings suggest the GS scaffold containing genetically-modified NSCs may bridge the injury site, promote axon regeneration and partial functional recovery in SCI rats.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Calcein-AM, BioReagent, suitable for fluorescence, ≥95.0% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Calcein AM solution, 4 mM in DMSO, ≥90% (HPLC), solution
Sigma-Aldrich
Calcein-AM, Small Package (20 X 50 μg ), ≥95.0% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Ethidium homodimer, suitable for fluorescence, ~90% (HPCE)