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Circulating irisin in healthy, young individuals: day-night rhythm, effects of food intake and exercise, and associations with gender, physical activity, diet, and body composition.

The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism (2014-06-11)
Athanasios D Anastasilakis, Stergios A Polyzos, Zacharias G Saridakis, Georgios Kynigopoulos, Elpida C Skouvaklidou, Dimitrios Molyvas, Maria F Vasiloglou, Aggeliki Apostolou, Thomai Karagiozoglou-Lampoudi, Aikaterina Siopi, Vassilis Mougios, Panagiotis Chatzistavridis, Grigorios Panagiotou, Andreas Filippaios, Sideris Delaroudis, Christos S Mantzoros
ABSTRACT

The myokine irisin may increase energy expenditure and affect metabolism. The objective of the study was to elucidate predictors of irisin and study whether circulating irisin may have day-night rhythm in humans. This was an observational, cross-sectional study with an additional 24-hour prospective observational arm (day-night rhythm substudy) and two prospective interventional arms (mixed meal substudy and exercise substudy). The study was conducted at the Hellenic Military School of Medicine (Thessaloniki, Greece). One hundred twenty-two healthy, young individuals were subjected to anthropometric and body composition measurements, and their eating and exercise behavior profiles were assessed with validated questionnaires. Subgroups were subjected to day-night rhythm, standardized meal ingestion, and 30-minute aerobic exercise studies. Circulating irisin levels were measured. Ιrisin levels were lower in males than females (P = .02) after adjustment for lean body mass, which was its major determinant. Irisin levels followed a day-night rhythm (P < .001) with peak at 9:00 pm. Irisin levels were increased at the end of exercise (84.1 ± 10.0 vs 105.8 ± 14.3 ng/mL; P < .001). Irisin levels were not affected by intake of a standardized meal and were not associated with caloric intake or diet quality. In healthy, young individuals, circulating irisin displays a day-night rhythm, is correlated with lean body mass, and increases acutely after exercise.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

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