• Home
  • Search Results
  • KIF20A regulates porcine oocyte maturation and early embryo development.

KIF20A regulates porcine oocyte maturation and early embryo development.

PloS one (2014-07-19)
Yu Zhang, Jun Liu, Xu Peng, Cheng-Cheng Zhu, Jun Han, Jia Luo, Rong Rui
ABSTRACT

KIF20A (Kinesin-like family member 20A), also called mitotic kinesin-like proteins 2 (MKLP2), is a mammalian mitotic kinesin-like motor protein of the Kinesin superfamily proteins (KIFs), which was originally involved in Golgi apparatus dynamics and thought to essential for cell cycle regulation during successful cytokinesis. In the present study, we investigated whether KIF20A has roles on porcine oocyte meiotic maturation and subsequent early embryo development. By immunofluorescence staining, KIF20A was found to exhibit a dynamic localization pattern during meiosis. KIF20A was restricted to centromeres after germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD), transferred to the midbody at telophase I (TI), and again associated with centromeres at metaphase II (MII). Inhibition of endogenous KIF20A via a specific inhibitor, Paprotrain, resulted in failure of polar body extrusion. Further cell cycle analysis showed that the percentage of oocytes that arrested at early metaphase I (MI) stage increased after KIF20A activity inhibition; however, the proportion of oocytes at anaphase/telophase I (ATI) and MII stages decreased significantly. Our results also showed that KIF20A inhibition did not affect spindle morphology. In addition, KIF20A was localized at the nucleus of early embryos, and KIF20A inhibition resulted in failure of early parthenogenetic embryo development. These results demonstrated that KIF20A is critical for porcine oocyte meiotic maturation and subsequent early embryo development.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Acrylonitrile, ≥99%, contains 35-45 ppm monomethyl ether hydroquinone as inhibitor
Supelco
Acrylonitrile, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Acrylonitrile, ≥99%, contains 35-45 ppm monomethyl ether hydroquinone as inhibitor