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Enzymatic conversion from pyridoxal to pyridoxine caused by microorganisms within tobacco phyllosphere.

Plant physiology and biochemistry : PPB (2014-11-15)
ShuoHao Huang, JianYun Zhang, Zhen Tao, Liang Lei, YongHui Yu, LongQuan Huang
ABSTRACT

Vitamin B6 (VB6) comprises six interconvertible pyridine compounds (vitamers), among which pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) is a coenzyme involved in a high diversity of biochemical reactions. In plants, PLP is de novo synthesized, and pyridoxine (PN) is usually maintained as the predominant B6 vitamer. Although the conversion from pyridoxal (PL) to PN catalyzed by PL reductase in plants has been confirmed, the enzyme itself remains largely unknown. We previously found pre-incubation at 35 °C dramatically enhanced PL reductase activity in tobacco leaf homogenate. In this study, we demonstrated that the increase in the reductase activity was a consequence of phyllosphere microbial proliferation. VB6 was detected from tobacco phyllosphere, and PL level was the highest among three non-phosphorylated B6 vitamers. When the sterile tobacco rich in PL were kept in an open, warm and humid environment to promote microorganism proliferation, a significant change from PL to PN was observed. Our results suggest that there may be a plant-microbe interaction in the conversion from PL to PN within tobacco phyllosphere.

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