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Curcumin does not switch melanin synthesis towards pheomelanin in B16F10 cells.

Archives of dermatological research (2014-11-16)
Agnieszka Wolnicka-Glubisz, Katarzyna Nogal, Andrzej Żądło, Przemysław M Płonka
ABSTRACT

Melanin, the basic skin pigment present also in the majority of melanomas, has a huge impact on the efficiency of photodynamic, radio- or chemotherapies of melanoma. Moreover, the melanoma cells produce more melanin than normal melanocytes in adjacent skin do. Thus, attention has been paid to natural agents that are safe and effective in suppression of melanogenesis. B16F10 cells were studied by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. The cells were cultured for 24-72 h in RPMI or DMEM with or without curcumin. The results confirmed that curcumin has no significant effect on B16F10 cells viability at concentrations of 1-10 µM. Curcumin at concentration of 10 µM significantly inhibited their proliferation and stimulated differentiation. We have not stimulated melanogenesis hormonally but we found a strong increase in melanogenesis in DMEM, containing more L-Tyr, as compared to RPMI. The EPR studies revealed that the effect of curcumin on melanogenesis in RPMI-incubated cells was not significant, and only in DMEM was curcumin able to inhibit melanogenesis. The effect of curcumin was only quantitative, as it did not switch eumelanogenesis towards pheomelanogenesis under any conditions. Interestingly, we observed elevation of production of hydrogen peroxide in DMEM-incubated cells, in parallel to the facilitation of melanogenesis. Curcumin significantly but transiently intensified the already pronounced generation of H2O2 in DMEM. We conclude that the quantitative effect of curcumin on melanogenesis in melanoma is intricate. It depends on the basic melanogenetic efficiency of the cells, and can be observed only in strongly pigmented cells. Qualitatively, curcumin does not switch melanogenesis towards pheomelanogenesis, either in strongly, or in weakly melanized melanoma cells.

MATERIALS
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Product Description

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