Platelet bioreactor-on-a-chip.

Blood (2015-01-22)
Jonathan N Thon, Linas Mazutis, Stephen Wu, Joanna L Sylman, Allen Ehrlicher, Kellie R Machlus, Qiang Feng, Shijiang Lu, Robert Lanza, Keith B Neeves, David A Weitz, Joseph E Italiano
ABSTRACT

Platelet transfusions total >2.17 million apheresis-equivalent units per year in the United States and are derived entirely from human donors, despite clinically significant immunogenicity, associated risk of sepsis, and inventory shortages due to high demand and 5-day shelf life. To take advantage of known physiological drivers of thrombopoiesis, we have developed a microfluidic human platelet bioreactor that recapitulates bone marrow stiffness, extracellular matrix composition,micro-channel size, hemodynamic vascular shear stress, and endothelial cell contacts, and it supports high-resolution live-cell microscopy and quantification of platelet production. Physiological shear stresses triggered proplatelet initiation, reproduced ex vivo bone marrow proplatelet production, and generated functional platelets. Modeling human bone marrow composition and hemodynamics in vitro obviates risks associated with platelet procurement and storage to help meet growing transfusion needs.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Poly(dimethylsiloxane), viscosity 1.0 cSt (25 °C)
Sigma-Aldrich
Hexamethyldisiloxane, viscosity 0.65 cSt (25 °C)