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  • Cross-species antibody microarray interrogation identifies a 3-protein panel of plasma biomarkers for early diagnosis of pancreas cancer.

Cross-species antibody microarray interrogation identifies a 3-protein panel of plasma biomarkers for early diagnosis of pancreas cancer.

Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research (2015-01-16)
Justin E Mirus, Yuzheng Zhang, Christopher I Li, Anna E Lokshin, Ross L Prentice, Sunil R Hingorani, Paul D Lampe
ABSTRACT

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death in the United States, and its incidence is on the rise. Advanced disease is nearly uniformly lethal, emphasizing the need to identify PDA at its earliest stages. To discover early biomarkers of PDA, we evaluated the circulating proteome in murine preinvasive and invasive plasma samples and human prediagnostic and diagnostic samples. Using a customized antibody microarray platform containing >4,000 features, we interrogated plasma samples spanning preinvasive and invasive disease from a highly faithful mouse model of PDA. In parallel, we mined prediagnostic plasma from women in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) who would later succumb to PDA together with matched, cancer-free control samples. Samples collected after an establishing diagnosis of PDA were also interrogated to further validate markers. We identified ERBB2 and TNC in our cross-species analyses, and multiple antibodies identified ESR1 in prediagnostic plasma from people that succumb to PDA. This 3-marker panel had an AUC of 0.86 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.76-0.96) for the diagnostic cohort that increased to 0.97 (95% CI, 0.92-1.0) with CA19-9 included. The 3-marker panel also had an AUC of 0.68 (95% CI, 0.58-0.77) for the prediagnostic cohort. We identified potential disease detection markers in plasma up to 4 years before death from PDA with superior performance to CA19-9. These markers might be especially useful in high-risk cohorts to diagnose early, resectable disease, particularly in patients that do not produce CA19-9.

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