Lysine acetylation is a dynamic, reversible posttranslational modification that is known to play an important role in regulating the activity of many key enzymes in bacteria. Acetylproteome studies have been performed on some bacteria. However, until now, there have been no data on Actinomycetes, which are the major producers of therapeutic antibiotics. In this study, we investigated the first acetylproteome of the erythromycin-producing actinomycete Saccharopolyspora erythraea using a high-resolution mass spectrometry-based proteomics approach. Using immune-affinity isolation of acetyl-peptides with an anti-acetyllysine antibody followed by nano ultra performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectroscopy (nanoUPLC-MS/MS) analysis, we identified 664 unique lysine-acetylated sites on 363 proteins. Acetylated proteins are involved in many biological processes such as protein synthesis, glycolysis/gluconeogenesis, citric acid (TCA) cycle, fatty acid metabolism, secondary metabolism, and the feeder metabolic pathways of erythromycin synthesis. We characterized the acetylproteome and analyzed in detail the impact of acetylation on diverse cellular functions according to Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways. Four motif sequences surrounding the acetylation sites (K(AC)H, K(AC)Y, K(AC)XXXXR, and K(AC)XXXXK) were found in the S. erythraea acetylproteome. These findings suggest that abundant lysine acetylation occurs in Actinomycetes, expand our current knowledge of the bacterial acetylproteome, and provide insight into the regulatory function of acetylation in primary and secondary metabolism.