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  • Transcriptional profile of tuberculosis antigen-specific T cells reveals novel multifunctional features.

Transcriptional profile of tuberculosis antigen-specific T cells reveals novel multifunctional features.

Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) (2014-08-06)
Cecilia Lindestam Arlehamn, Gregory Seumois, Anna Gerasimova, Charlie Huang, Zheng Fu, Xiaojing Yue, Alessandro Sette, Pandurangan Vijayanand, Bjoern Peters
ABSTRACT

In latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) spread of the bacteria is contained by a persistent immune response, which includes CD4(+) T cells as important contributors. In this study we show that TB-specific CD4(+) T cells have a characteristic chemokine expression signature (CCR6(+)CXCR3(+)CCR4(-)), and that the overall number of these cells is significantly increased in LTBI donors compared with healthy subjects. We have comprehensively characterized the transcriptional signature of CCR6(+)CXCR3(+)CCR4(-) cells and found significant differences to conventional Th1, Th17, and Th2 cells, but no major changes between healthy and LTBI donors. CCR6(+)CXCR3(+)CCR4(-) cells display lineage-specific signatures of both Th1 and Th17 cells, but also have a unique gene expression program, including genes associated with susceptibility to TB, enhanced T cell activation, enhanced cell survival, and induction of a cytotoxic program akin to CTL cells. Overall, the gene expression signature of CCR6(+)CXCR3(+)CCR4(-) cells reveals characteristics important for controlling latent TB infections.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
5-Carboxy-fluorescein diacetate N-succinimidyl ester, for fluorescence, ≥95.0% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
5(6)-Carboxyfluorescein diacetate N-succinimidyl ester, BioReagent, suitable for fluorescence, ≥90% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
SeqPlex RNA Amplification Kit, For use with high throughput sequencing technologies