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Tissue transglutaminase in marmoset experimental multiple sclerosis: discrepancy between white and grey matter.

PloS one (2014-06-25)
Nathaly Espitia Pinzon, Esther Stroo, Bert A 't Hart, John G J M Bol, Benjamin Drukarch, Jan Bauer, Anne-Marie van Dam
ABSTRACT

Infiltration of leukocytes is a major pathological event in white matter lesion formation in the brain of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. In grey matter lesions, less infiltration of these cells occur, but microglial activation is present. Thus far, the interaction of β-integrins with extracellular matrix proteins, e.g. fibronectin, is considered to be of importance for the influx of immune cells. Recent in vitro studies indicate a possible role for the enzyme tissue Transglutaminase (TG2) in mediating cell adhesion and migration. In the present study we questioned whether TG2 is present in white and grey matter lesions observed in the marmoset model for MS. To this end, immunohistochemical studies were performed. We observed that TG2, expressed by infiltrating monocytes in white matter lesions co-expressed β1-integrin and is located in close apposition to deposited fibronectin. These data suggest an important role for TG2 in the adhesion and migration of infiltrating monocytes during white matter lesion formation. Moreover, in grey matter lesions, TG2 is mainly present in microglial cells together with some β1-integrin, whereas fibronectin is absent in these lesions. These data imply an alternative role for microglial-derived TG2 in grey matter lesions, e.g. cell proliferation. Further research should clarify the functional role of TG2 in monocytes or microglial cells in MS lesion formation.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
o-Xylene, anhydrous, 97%
Supelco
o-Xylene, analytical standard
Supelco
o-Xylene, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material
Sigma-Aldrich
o-Xylene, puriss. p.a., ≥99.0% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
o-Xylene, reagent grade, ≥98.0%
Supelco
o-Xylene, suitable for HPLC, 98%