Novel hydroxyapatite biomaterial covalently linked to raloxifene.

International journal of immunopathology and pharmacology (2014-10-04)
L Meme, A Santarelli, G Marzo, M Emanuelli, P F Nocini, D Bertossi, A Putignano, M Dioguardi, L Lo Muzio, F Bambini
ABSTRACT

Since raloxifene, a drug used in osteoporosis therapy, inhibits osteoclast, but not osteoblast functions, it has been suggested to improve recovery during implant surgery. The present paper describes an effective method to link raloxifene, through a covalent bond, to a nano-Hydroxyapatite-based biomaterial by interfacing with (3-aminopropyl)-Triethoxysilane as assessed by Infra Red-Fourier Transformed (IR-FT) spectroscopy and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). To evaluate the safety of this modified new material, the vitality of osteoblast-like cells cultured with the new biomaterial was then investigated. Raloxifene-conjugated HAbiomaterial has been shown to be a safe material easy to obtain which could be an interesting starting point for the use of a new functional biomaterial suitable in bone regeneration procedures.

MATERIALS
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