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Pathological responses and survival of patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive breast cancer who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy including trastuzumab.

Breast cancer (Tokyo, Japan) (2012-10-31)
Hideyuki Ohzawa, Takashi Sakatani, Toshiro Niki, Yoshikazu Yasuda, Yasuo Hozumi
ABSTRACT

The effectiveness of neoadjuvant chemotherapy is evaluated on the basis of pathological responses and survival outcome, because achievement of a pathological complete response (pCR) is a good predictor of long-term survival. However, few studies have assessed the survival of breast cancer patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy including trastuzumab. The records of 161 breast cancer patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy between January 2006 and December 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were categorized into 4 subgroups on the basis of the status of the estrogen receptor (ER), the progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). HER2-positive patients received trastuzumab-based regimens. Pathological responses and survival were analyzed on the basis of breast cancer subtypes. The pCR results obtained were: luminal A and B (ER and/or PR-positive, HER2-negative), 6.3 % (5/79 cases); luminal-HER2 hybrid (ER and/or PR-positive, HER2-positive), 25.0 % (5/20 cases); HER2-enriched (ER and PR-negative, HER2-positive), 63.0 % (17/27 cases); and triple-negative (ER and PR-negative, HER2-negative), 25.7 % (9/35 cases). Achievement of pCR was a good predictor of disease-free survival in the HER2-enriched group. Overall survival of patients with pCR was slightly, but not significantly, better in the HER2-enriched and triple-negative subgroups. Responses and survival after neoadjuvant chemotherapy including trastuzumab of patients with HER2-positive tumors differed among disease subtypes. Our findings suggest that disease subtype is an important determinant of the efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Progesterone, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Progesterone, powder, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture
Supelco
Progesterone, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material
Sigma-Aldrich
Progesterone, γ-irradiated, BioXtra, suitable for cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Progesterone, meets USP testing specifications
USP
Progesterone, United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard
Supelco
Progesterone, VETRANAL®, analytical standard
Progesterone for system suitability, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard
Progesterone for peak identification, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard
Progesterone, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard