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A monoclonal antibody against neem leaf glycoprotein recognizes carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and restricts CEA expressing tumor growth.

Journal of immunotherapy (Hagerstown, Md. : 1997) (2014-09-10)
Arnab Das, Subhasis Barik, Saptak Banerjee, Anamika Bose, Koustav Sarkar, Jaydip Biswas, Rathindranath Baral, Smarajit Pal
ABSTRACT

Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is one of the promising tumor antigens mainly associated with carcinoma of the colon, lung, breast, etc. and received wide attention for cancer immunotherapy. Neem leaf glycoprotein (NLGP), an effective immunomodulator, is able to generate humoral and cellular immune responses in murine tumor models. We have generated a monoclonal antibody (mAb) against NLGP by fusing NLGP-immunized mice splenocytes with nonsecretory myeloma cells. A highly anti-NLGP mAb secreting clone (1C8; IgG2a in nature) has been identified and propagated in culture. 1C8 recognizes human CEA as good as NLGP by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, Western blotting, and immunoprecipitation. 1C8 detects CEA on colon cancer tissues by immunochistochemistry. By flow cytometry, 1C8 specifically reacts with CEA(+) human (Colo-205, HCT-116, and HT-29) and mouse (CT-26) colon cancer cells, but it showed minimum reactivity with CEA(-) human (MCF7, SiHa, and SCC084) and mouse (B16MelF10) cancer cells. This anti-NLGP 1C8 mAb revealed significant antitumor activity and better survivability in vivo in animals bearing mouse (CT-26 in BALB/c) and human (Colo-205 in athymic nude) CEA(+) cancer cells. 1C8 has no direct influence on proliferation and migration of CEA(+) cells, however, NK cell-dependent strong antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity reaction toward CEA(+) cells and normalization of angiogenesis are chiefly associated with tumor growth restriction. Obtained results provided a new immunotherapeutic approach for the effective management of CEA(+) tumors.

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