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Ewing's sarcoma precursors are highly enriched in embryonic osteochondrogenic progenitors.

The Journal of clinical investigation (2014-06-10)
Miwa Tanaka, Yukari Yamazaki, Yohei Kanno, Katsuhide Igarashi, Ken-ichi Aisaki, Jun Kanno, Takuro Nakamura
ABSTRACT

Ewing's sarcoma is a highly malignant bone tumor found in children and adolescents, and the origin of this malignancy is not well understood. Here, we introduced a Ewing's sarcoma-associated genetic fusion of the genes encoding the RNA-binding protein EWS and the transcription factor ETS (EWS-ETS) into a fraction of cells enriched for osteochondrogenic progenitors derived from the embryonic superficial zone (eSZ) of long bones collected from late gestational murine embryos. EWS-ETS fusions efficiently induced Ewing's sarcoma-like small round cell sarcoma formation by these cells. Analysis of the eSZ revealed a fraction of a precursor cells that express growth/differentiation factor 5 (Gdf5), the transcription factor Erg, and parathyroid hormone-like hormone (Pthlh), and selection of the Pthlh-positive fraction alone further enhanced EWS-ETS-dependent tumor induction. Genes downstream of the EWS-ETS fusion protein were quite transcriptionally active in eSZ cells, especially in regions in which the chromatin structure of the ETS-responsive locus was open. Inhibition of β-catenin, poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1), or enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) suppressed cell growth in a murine model of Ewing's sarcoma, suggesting the utility of the current system as a preclinical model. These results indicate that eSZ cells are highly enriched in precursors to Ewing's sarcoma and provide clues to the histogenesis of Ewing's sarcoma in bone.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

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iCRT14, ≥98% (HPLC)
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Anti-ERG antibody produced in rabbit, affinity isolated antibody
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Anti-phospho-MNK1 (pThr255) antibody produced in rabbit, affinity isolated antibody
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Anti-phospho-Mnk1 (pThr385) antibody produced in rabbit, affinity isolated antibody
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Anti-phospho-MAPK3 (pThr202) antibody produced in rabbit, affinity isolated antibody
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Anti-phospho-MAPK3 (pTyr204) antibody produced in rabbit, affinity isolated antibody
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Anti-ERG antibody produced in goat, affinity isolated antibody, buffered aqueous solution