MilliporeSigma
  • Home
  • Search Results
  • Differential effects of triclosan on the activation of mouse and human peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha.

Differential effects of triclosan on the activation of mouse and human peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha.

Toxicology letters (2014-09-07)
Yuanfeng Wu, Qiangen Wu, Frederick A Beland, Peter Ge, Mugimane G Manjanatha, Jia-Long Fang
ABSTRACT

Triclosan is an anti-bacterial agent used in many personal care products, household items, medical devices, and clinical settings. Liver tumors occur in mice exposed to triclosan, a response attributed to peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) activation; however, the effects of triclosan on mouse and human PPARα have not been fully evaluated. We compared the effects of triclosan on mouse and human PPARα using PPARα reporter assays and on downstream events of PPARα activation using mouse hepatoma Hepa1c1c7 cells and human hepatoma HepG2 cells. PPARα transcriptional activity was increased by triclosan in a mouse PPARα reporter assay and decreased in a human PPARα reporter assay. Concentrations of triclosan inhibiting 50% cell growth were similar in both human and mouse hepatoma cells. Western blotting analysis showed that triclosan increased acyl-coenzyme A oxidase (ACOX1), a PPARα target, in Hepa1c1c7 cells but decreased the level in HepG2 cells. Treatment of Hepa1c1c7 cells with triclosan enhanced DNA synthesis and suppressed transforming growth factor beta-mediated apoptosis. This did not occur in HepG2 cells. These data demonstrate that triclosan had similar cytotoxicity in Hepa1c1c7 and HepG2 cells, but differential effects on the activation of PPARα, the expression of ACOX1, and downstream events including DNA synthesis and apoptosis.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, anhydrous, ≥99.9%
Sigma-Aldrich
8-Octanoyloxypyrene-1,3,6-trisulfonic acid trisodium salt, suitable for fluorescence, ≥90% (HPCE)
Sigma-Aldrich
Fluorescein 5(6)-isothiocyanate, BioReagent, suitable for fluorescence, mixture of 2 components, ≥90% (HPLC)
Supelco
Dimethyl sulfoxide, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Triclosan, 97.0-103.0% (active substance, GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, BioUltra, for molecular biology, ≥99.5% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Propidium iodide solution, solution (1.0 mg/ml in water)
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, sterile-filtered, BioPerformance Certified, meets EP, USP testing specifications, suitable for hybridoma
Sigma-Aldrich
Fluorescein 5(6)-isothiocyanate, ≥90% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, ≥99.5% (GC), suitable for plant cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, PCR Reagent
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, for molecular biology
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, meets EP testing specifications, meets USP testing specifications
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, Hybri-Max, sterile-filtered, BioReagent, suitable for hybridoma, ≥99.7%
Sigma-Aldrich
Etoposide, synthetic, 95.0-105.0%, powder
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide solution, 50 wt. % in H2O
Supelco
Dimethyl sulfoxide, for inorganic trace analysis, ≥99.99995% (metals basis)
USP
Triclosan, United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard
Etoposide, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, ReagentPlus®, ≥99.5%
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, puriss. p.a., dried, ≤0.02% water
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, ≥99.9% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, ACS reagent, ≥99.9%
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, suitable for HPLC, ≥99.7%
Supelco
Triclosan, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material
Dimethyl sulfoxide, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard
USP
Dimethyl sulfoxide, United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Propidium iodide, ≥94.0% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Fluorescein isothiocyanate isomer I, ≥97.5% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Fluorescein isothiocyanate isomer I, suitable for protein labeling, ≥90% (HPLC), powder