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  • Pituitary and ovarian hormone activity during the 7-day hormone-free interval of various combined oral contraceptive regimens.

Pituitary and ovarian hormone activity during the 7-day hormone-free interval of various combined oral contraceptive regimens.

Contraception (2014-03-07)
Michael Cho, Jessica Atrio, Aaron H Lim, Colleen Azen, Frank Z Stanczyk
ABSTRACT

The objective was to investigate changes in luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P) during the hormone-free interval (HFI) of 6 combined oral contraceptives (COCs). Blood samples were obtained from 62 women. When COCs were grouped by ethinyl estradiol (EE) dose, there was a significant positive mean slope for LH and FSH during the HFI for the 30- and 35 mcg-EE doses, whereas 20 showed a gradual nonsignificant slope. All E2 slopes were significant. P remained suppressed with all doses. A more rapid rebound of gonadotropin levels is found with higher doses of EE during the HFI. This study showed a more rapid rebound of pituitary hormone levels among women using higher-EE-dosage formulations, which was demonstrated by the statistically significant slope for mean LH and FSH from day 1 to day 7 of the HFI. The degree of suppression did not vary across progestin generations. It remains to be established whether women who experience side effects during their HFI may benefit from using a COC with a lower EE dose to minimize changes in endogenous pituitary hormone levels.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Progesterone, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Progesterone, powder, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture
Supelco
Progesterone, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material
Sigma-Aldrich
Progesterone, γ-irradiated, BioXtra, suitable for cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Progesterone, meets USP testing specifications
USP
Progesterone, United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard
Supelco
Progesterone, VETRANAL®, analytical standard
Progesterone for system suitability, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard
Progesterone for peak identification, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard
Progesterone, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard