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Interfacial composition, thermodynamic properties, and structural parameters of water-in-oil microemulsions stabilized by 1-pentanol and mixed surfactants.

Journal of colloid and interface science (2012-08-14)
Kaushik Kundu, Gourhari Guin, Bidyut K Paul
ABSTRACT

The present study is focused on the evaluation of the interfacial composition, thermodynamic properties, and structural parameters of water-in-oil mixed surfactant microemulsions [(cetylpyridinium chloride, CPC+polyoxyethylene (20) cetyl ether, Brij-58 or polyoxyethylene (20) stearyl ether, Brij-78)/1-pentanol/n-heptane, or n-decane] under various physicochemical environments by the Schulman method of cosurfactant titration of the oil/water interface. The estimation of the number of moles of 1-pentanol at the interface (n(a)(i)) and bulk oil (n(a)(o)) and its distribution between these two domains at the threshold level of stability have been emphasized. The thermodynamics of transfer of 1-pentanol from the continuous oil phase to the interface have been evaluated. n(a)(i),n(a)(i), standard Gibbs free energy (ΔG(t)(0)), standard enthalpy (ΔH(t)(0)), and standard entropy (ΔG(t)(0)) of transfer process have been found to be dependent on the molar ratio of water to surfactant (ω), type of nonionic surfactant and its content (X(Brij-58 or Brij-78)), oil and temperature. A correlation between (ΔH(t)(0)) and (ΔS(t)(0)) is examined at different experimental temperatures. Bulk surfactant composition dependent temperature insensitive microemulsions have been reported. Associated structural parameters, such as droplet dimensions and aggregation number of surfactant and cosurfactant at the droplet interface have been evaluated using a mathematical model after suitable modifications for mixed surfactant systems. In light of these parameters, the prospect of using these microemulsion systems for the synthesis of nanoparticles and the modulation of enzyme activity has been discussed. Correlations of the results in terms of the evaluated physicochemical parameters have been attempted.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
1-Pentanol, puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, ≥99.0% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
1-Pentanol, ReagentPlus®, ≥99%