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Levels and temporal trend of bisphenol A in composite food samples from Canadian Total Diet Study 2008-2012.

Food additives & contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment (2015-09-16)
Xu-Liang Cao, Carolina Perez-Locas, André Robichaud, Genevieve Clement, Svetlana Popovic, Guy Dufresne, Robert W Dabeka
ABSTRACT

Food composite samples from the Canadian Total Diet Study which was conducted each year from 2008 to 2012 rotating between different cities were analysed for bisphenol A (BPA). The overall levels of BPA in the composite food samples from each of the five years from 2008 to 2012 were similar in general with averages (range) of 7.7 ng/g (0.20-106 ng/g), 7.8 ng/g (0.26-110 ng/g), 6.9 ng/g (0.20-84 ng/g), 7.7 ng/g (0.20-105 ng/g) and 9.0 ng/g (0.15-90 ng/g) for 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012, respectively. Levels of BPA in most of the non-canned food composite samples were low and no particular trends were observed. In contrast, the trend of BPA levels in canned food composite samples over the five years (2008-2012) varies. BPA levels in most of the canned food composite samples from 2008 to 2012 were consistent in general (e.g. canned luncheon meat: 10-18 ng/g, canned baked beans: 18-25 ng/g). While BPA levels over the five years were found to decrease for some canned food composite samples (e.g., canned fish: 109 ng/g in 2009 vs. 51 ng/g in 2012), they were also found to increase for some other canned food composite samples (e.g. canned meat soups: 90-104 ng/g in 2011-2012 vs. 29 ng/g in 2008). Thus, recent changes in can coating for food packaging to BPA-free alternatives may have not been fully reflected in all canned food products over the period from 2008 to 2012. Continued monitoring is necessary to more fully assess the potential impact on dietary exposure by the use of BPA alternatives in food contact materials.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

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Toluene, anhydrous, 99.8%
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Sodium sulfate, ACS reagent, ≥99.0%, anhydrous, granular
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Toluene, ACS reagent, ≥99.5%
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Acetic anhydride, ReagentPlus®, ≥99%
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1-Pentanol, puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, ≥99.0% (GC)