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Formation of hexagonal-molybdenum trioxide (h-MoO₃) nanostructures and their pseudocapacitive behavior.

Nanoscale (2015-06-25)
Vipin Kumar, Xu Wang, Pooi See Lee
ABSTRACT

The crystallographic structure and morphology of redox active transition metal oxides have a pronounced effect on their electrochemical properties. In this work, h-MoO3 nanostructures with three distinct morphologies, i.e., pyramidal nanorod, prismatic nanorod and hexagonal nanoplate, were synthesized by a facile solvothermal method. The morphologies of h-MoO3 nanostructures were tailored by a controlled amount of hexamethylenetetramine. An enhanced specific capacitance about 230 F g(-1) at an applied current density of 0.25 A g(-1) was achieved in h-MoO3 pyramidal nanorods. Electrochemical studies confirmed that the h-MoO3 pyramidal nanorods exhibit superior charge-storage ability. This improved performance can be ascribed to the coexistence of its well exposed crystallographic planes with abundant active sites, i.e., hexagonal window (HW), trigonal cavity (TC) and four-coordinated square window (SW). The mechanism of charge-storage is likely facilitated by the vehicle mechanism of proton transportation due to the availability of the vehicles, i.e., NH4(+) and H2O. The promising, distinct and unexploited features of h-MoO3 nanostructures reveal a strong candidate for pseudocapacitive electrode materials.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

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Hexamethylenetetramine, ReagentPlus®, 99%
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