• Home
  • Search Results
  • Drosophila sperm surface alpha-L-fucosidase interacts with the egg coats through its core fucose residues.

Drosophila sperm surface alpha-L-fucosidase interacts with the egg coats through its core fucose residues.

Insect biochemistry and molecular biology (2015-06-24)
Jari Intra, Veltri Concetta, De Caro Daniela, Maria Elisa Perotti, Maria Enrica Pasini
ABSTRACT

Sperm-oocyte interaction during fertilization is multiphasic, with multicomponent events, taking place between egg's glycoproteins and sperm surface receptors. Protein-carbohydrate complementarities in gamete recognition have observed in cases throughout the whole evolutionary scale. Sperm-associated α-L-fucosidases have been identified in various organisms. Their wide distribution and known properties reflect the hypothesis that fucose and α-L-fucosidases have fundamental function(s) during gamete interactions. An α-L-fucosidase has been detected as transmembrane protein on the surface of spermatozoa of eleven species across the genus Drosophila. Immunofluorescence labeling showed that the protein is localized in the sperm plasma membrane over the acrosome and the tail, in Drosophila melanogaster. In the present study, efforts were made to analyze with solid phase assays the oligosaccharide recognition ability of fruit fly sperm α-L-fucosidase with defined carbohydrate chains that can functionally mimic egg glycoconjugates. Our results showed that α-L-fucosidase bound to fucose residue and in particular it prefers N-glycans carrying core α1,6-linked fucose and core α1,3-linked fucose in N-glycans carrying only a terminal mannose residue. The ability of sperm α-L-fucosidase to bind to the micropylar chorion and to the vitelline envelope was examined in in vitro assays in presence of α-L-fucosidase, either alone or in combination with molecules containing fucose residues. No binding was detected when α-L-fucosidase was pre-incubated with fucoidan, a polymer of α-L-fucose and the monosaccharide fucose. Furthermore, egg labeling with anti-horseradish peroxidase, that recognized only core α1,3-linked fucose, correlates with α-L-fucosidase micropylar binding. Collectively, these data support the hypothesis of the potential role of this glycosidase in sperm-egg interactions in Drosophila.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
3,3′,5,5′-Tetramethylbenzidine, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
L-(−)-Fucose, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Fluorescein 5(6)-isothiocyanate, BioReagent, suitable for fluorescence, mixture of 2 components, ≥90% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
3,3′,5,5′-Tetramethylbenzidine, ≥98% (TLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
3,3′,5,5′-Tetramethylbenzidine, ≥98.0% (NT)
Sigma-Aldrich
Fluorescein isothiocyanate isomer I, ≥97.5% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
3,3′,5,5′-Tetramethylbenzidine, tablet, 1 mg substrate per tablet
Sigma-Aldrich
3-[(3-Cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-1-propanesulfonate hydrate, 98%
Sigma-Aldrich
Fluorescein 5(6)-isothiocyanate, ≥90% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Tris(tert-butoxy)silanol, 99.999%
Sigma-Aldrich
Tris(tert-butoxy)silanol, packaged for use in deposition systems
Sigma-Aldrich
Fluorescein isothiocyanate isomer I, ≥97.5% (HPLC)