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Noncompetitive immunoassay detection system for haptens on the basis of antimetatype antibodies.

Clinical chemistry (2015-02-20)
Kazuya Omi, Tsuyoshi Ando, Takuya Sakyu, Takashi Shirakawa, Yoshiaki Uchida, Asako Oka, Nobuyuki Ise, Katsumi Aoyagi, Katsutoshi Goishi
ABSTRACT

Small molecules classified as haptens are generally measured by competitive immunoassay, which is theoretically inferior to noncompetitive sandwich immunoassay in terms of sensitivity and specificity. We created a method for developing sandwich immunoassays to measure haptens on the basis of antimetatype antibodies. We generated antimetatype monoclonal antibodies against a hapten-antibody immunocomplex using an ex vivo antibody development system, the Autonomously Diversifying Library (ADLib) system. We selected 2 haptens, estradiol (E2) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], as analytes. Sandwich immunoassays for these 2 haptens were developed by use of a 96-well microtiter plate and a fully automated chemiluminescence analyzer, and the performances of these immunoassays were investigated. The developed assays exhibited sensitivity high enough to detect target haptens in serum samples. The limit of detection of the ELISA for E2 was 3.13 pg/mL, and that of the fully automated chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay (CLEIA) system was 2.1 ng/mL for 25(OH)D. The cross-reactivity with immunoreactive derivatives was effectively improved compared with the competitive assay. The CVs for the sandwich ELISA for E2 were 4.2%-12.6% (intraassay) and 6.2%-21.8% (total imprecision). The CVs for the sandwich CLEIA for 25(OH)D were 1.0%-2.3% (intraassay) and 1.9%-3.5% (total imprecision). In particular, the sandwich CLEIA for 25(OH)D showed correlations of r = 0.99 with both LC-MS/MS and a commercially available (125)I RIA. Our method represents a potentially simple and practical approach for routine assays of haptens, including vitamins, hormones, drugs, and toxins.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
N,O-Bis(trimethylsilyl)acetamide, synthesis grade, ≥95%
Supelco
25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 solution, 100 μg/mL in ethanol, ampule of 1 mL, certified reference material, Cerilliant®
Sigma-Aldrich
25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 monohydrate, ≥99.0% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
25-Hydroxycholecalciferol, ≥98% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 solution, 100 μg/mL in ethanol, 98% (CP)
Sigma-Aldrich
25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 solution, 50 μg/mL in ethanol, 98% (CP)
Sigma-Aldrich
25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 solution, 5 μg/mL in ethanol, 98% (CP)
Supelco
25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 solution, 5 μg/mL in ethanol, ampule of 1 mL, certified reference material, Cerilliant®

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