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Positron emission tomography quantification of serotonin transporter binding in medication-free bipolar disorder.

Synapse (New York, N.Y.) (2015-10-02)
Jeffrey M Miller, Benjamin A Everett, Maria A Oquendo, R Todd Ogden, J John Mann, Ramin V Parsey
ABSTRACT

Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with abnormalities in the serotonin transporter (5-HTT), but specific in vivo findings have been discrepant. Using positron emission tomography (PET) and [(11)C]DASB, we compared 5-HTT binding between unmedicated depressed BD subjects and healthy volunteers (HVs). 5-HTT binding in six brain regions was compared between 17 depressed, unmedicated BD subjects and 31 HVs, using the outcome measure of VT/fP (proportional to the total number of available transporters). Alternative outcome measures were examined as well. 47% of BD were BP I; and 65% reported a prior suicide attempt. 5-HTT binding (VT/fP ) did not differ between BD and HV groups considering six brain regions of interest simultaneously (P = 0.24). In contrast, alternative outcome measures (BPF*, BPP*, and BPND*) indicated lower binding in BD compared with HV across these six regions of interest (BPF*: P = 0.047; BPP*: P = 0.032; BPND*: P = 0.031). 5-HTT binding was unrelated to suicide attempt history, depression severity, bipolar subtype, or history of past substance use disorder. Choice of outcome measure strongly affects comparisons of serotonin transporter binding using PET with [(11)C]DASB. We do not find evidence of abnormal 5-HTT binding in bipolar depression using our primary outcome measure, VT /fP . However, we did observe lower 5-HTT binding in BD with alternative outcome measures that are frequently used with [(11)C]DASB. Relative merits and assumptions of different outcome measures are discussed. Evaluation in larger samples and during different mood states, including remission, is warranted.

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Sigma-Aldrich
Tantalum(V) ethoxide, 99.98% trace metals basis
Tantalum(V) ethoxide, packaged for use in deposition systems