Ultrahigh Responsivity in Graphene-ZnO Nanorod Hybrid UV Photodetector.

Small (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany) (2015-02-24)
Vinh Quang Dang, Tran Quang Trung, Do-Il Kim, Le Thai Duy, Byeong-Ung Hwang, Doo-Won Lee, Bo-Yeong Kim, Le Duc Toan, Nae-Eung Lee
ABSTRACT

Ultraviolet (UV) photodetectors based on ZnO nanostructure/graphene (Gr) hybrid-channel field-effect transistors (FETs) are investigated under illumination at various incident photon intensities and wavelengths. The time-dependent behaviors of hybrid-channel FETs reveal a high sensitivity and selectivity toward the near-UV region at the wavelength of 365 nm. The devices can operate at low voltage and show excellent selectivity, high responsivity (RI ), and high photoconductive gain (G). The change in the transfer characteristics of hybrid-channel FETs under UV light illumination allows to detect both photovoltage and photocurrent. The shift of the Dirac point (V Dirac ) observed during UV exposure leads to a clearer explanation of the response mechanism and carrier transport properties of Gr, and this phenomenon permits the calculation of electron concentration per UV power density transferred from ZnO nanorods and ZnO nanoparticles to Gr, which is 9 × 10(10) and 4 × 10(10) per mW, respectively. The maximum values of RI and G infer from the fitted curves of RI and G versus UV intensity are 3 × 10(5) A W(-1) and 10(6) , respectively. Therefore, the hybrid-channel FETs studied herein can be used as UV sensing devices with high performance and low power consumption, opening up new opportunities for future optoelectronic devices.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Hexamethylenetetramine, ACS reagent, ≥99.0%
Sigma-Aldrich
Butyl acetate, anhydrous, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Hexamethylenetetramine, puriss. p.a., reag. Ph. Eur., ≥99.5% (calc. to the dried substance)
Sigma-Aldrich
Hexamethylenetetramine, ReagentPlus®, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Butyl acetate, natural, ≥98%, FG
Sigma-Aldrich
Butyl acetate, ≥99%, FCC, FG
Sigma-Aldrich
Hexamethylenetetramine, meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, 99-100.5% (calc. to the dried substance)