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Genomewide association study of lung lesions in cattle using sample pooling.

Journal of animal science (2015-05-29)
J W Keele, L A Kuehn, T G McDaneld, R G Tait, S A Jones, T P L Smith, S D Shackelford, D A King, T L Wheeler, A K Lindholm-Perry, A K McNeel

Bovine respiratory disease complex (BRDC) is the most expensive disease in beef cattle in the United States costing the industry at least US$1 billion annually. Bovine respiratory disease complex causes damage to lung tissue resulting in persistent lung lesions observable at slaughter. Severe lung lesions at harvest have been associated with decreased preharvest ADG and increased clinical BRDC in the feedlot. Our objective was to identify SNP that are associated with severe lung lesions observed at harvest in feedlot cattle. We conducted a genomewide association study (GWAS) using a case-control design for severe lung lesions in fed cattle at slaughter using the Illumina Bovine HD array (approximately 770,000 SNP) and sample pooling. Lung samples were collected from 11,520 young cattle, a portion of which had not been treated with antibiotics (participating in a "natural" marketing program), at a large, commercial beef processing plant in central Nebraska. Lung samples with lesions (cases) and healthy lungs (controls) were collected when both phenotypes were in close proximity on the viscera (offal) table. We constructed 60 case and 60 control pools with 96 animals per pool. Pools were constructed by sampling sequence to ensure that case and control pool pairs were matched by proximity on the processing line. The Bovine HD array (770,000 SNP) was run on all pools. Fourteen SNP on BTA 2, 3, 4, 9, 11, 14, 15, 22, 24, and 25 were significant at the genomewide experiment-wise error rate of 5% ( ≤ 1.49 × 10). Eighty-five SNP on 28 chromosomes achieved a false discovery rate of 5% ( ≤ 5.38 × 10). Significant SNP were near (±100 kb) genes involved in tissue repair and regeneration, tumor suppression, cell proliferation, apoptosis, control of organ size, and immunity. Based on 85 significantly associated SNP in or near a collection of genes with diverse function on 28 chromosomes, we conclude that the genomic footprint of lung lesions is complex. A complex genomic footprint (genes and regulatory elements that affect the trait) is consistent with what is known about the cause of the disease: complex interactions among multiple viral and bacterial pathogens along with several environmental factors including dust, commingling, transportation, and stress. Characterization of sequence variation near significant SNP will enable accurate and cost effective genome-enhanced genetic evaluations for BRDC resistance in AI bulls and seed stock populations.

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