The insulin-mimetic and anti-diabetic properties of vanadium and related compounds have been well documented both in vitro and in vivo. However, the molecular basis of the link between vanadium and the insulin signaling pathway in diabetes mellitus is not fully described. We investigated the effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced by oxidovanadium(IV) sulfate (VOSO4) on glucose uptake and the insulin signaling pathway in human hepatoma cell line HepG2. Exposure of cells to VOSO4 (5-50 μM) resulted in an increase in glucose uptake, insulin receptor (IR) and protein kinase B (Akt) phosphorylation and intracellular ROS generation. Using Western blot, we found that catalase and sodium formate, but not superoxide dismutase, prevented the increase of hydroxyl radical (·OH) generation and significantly decreased VOSO4-induced IR and Akt phosphorylation. These results suggest that VOSO4-induced ·OH radical, which is a signaling species, promotes glucose uptake via the IR/Akt signaling pathway.
We are a leading supplier to the global Life Science industry with solutions and services for research, biotechnology development and production, and pharmaceutical drug therapy development and production.