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  • Material Decomposition in Dual-Energy Computed Tomography Separates High-Z Elements From Iodine, Identifying Potential Contrast Media Tailored for Dual Contrast Medium Examinations.

Material Decomposition in Dual-Energy Computed Tomography Separates High-Z Elements From Iodine, Identifying Potential Contrast Media Tailored for Dual Contrast Medium Examinations.

Journal of computer assisted tomography (2015-08-22)
Tobias Fält, Marcus Söderberg, Johan Wassélius, Peter Leander
ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to determine the potential of different high-Z elements to act as contrast media (CMs) alongside iodine (I) in dual-CM, dual-energy (DE) computed tomography examinations. Gadolinium (Gd), tantalum (Ta), wolfram (W), gold (Au), and bismuth (Bi) in addition to I were examined at all available kilovolt settings in a DE computed tomography scanner. Dual-energy ratios were calculated by dividing attenuation at low kilovolt by attenuation at high kilovolt. Dual-energy data sets were loaded into material decomposition software to evaluate separation of the elements from I. The DE ratios of Ta, W, and Au ranged between 0.9 and 1.2, being considerably lower than I at 1.9 to 2.6. These elements were completely separated from I using material decomposition. Gadolinium and Bi were more similar to I at 1.4 to 1.9. However, separation was nearly complete for Bi and suboptimal for Gd. Tantalum, W, and Au are ideal candidates for dual-CM examinations, whereas Bi is a slightly weaker candidate.

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